5 Things We Learned From Obama's Mandela Day Speech

The former U.S. president goes in on xenophobes, climate change deniers and the corrupt to mark the 100th anniversary of Nelson Mandela's birth.

Former U.S. president Barack Obama just gave his biggest speech since leaving office—and he did it in South Africa to mark what would've been Nelson Mandela's 100th birthday at the annual Nelson Mandela Lecture.

In his lecture titled, "Renewing the Mandela Legacy and Promoting Active Citizenship in a Changing World," Obama appealed to people around the world to honor human rights and other values under threat, as well as to keep alive the ideas that Mandela worked for—democracy, diversity and for all to gain access to good education.

South African president Cyril Ramaphosa and Graca Machel, Mandela's widow, introduced Obama to a cricket stadium full of an estimated 14,000 people and even more who tuned into the lecture online.

Take a look at our five takeaways we learned during Obama's speech below.

On Economic Equality

Obama began his speech talking about economic inequality and the failure of governments and economic elites.

"Right now I am surprised by how much money I have, and I don't have half as much as these guys," he says. "There is only so much you can eat, only so big a house you can have...I mean, it is enough."

He continues:

"You don't have to take a vow of poverty just to say let me help out a few of these folks. I'll pay a little more in taxes, it is okay, I can afford it."

On Immigration and Racial/Ethnic Differences

Obama couldn't resist a World Cup reference and he used it to talk about immigration policies. Despite urging people to take a humanitarian approach to immigration, he still maintained a strong stance on border protection.

"Just look at the French football team...Not all of those folks looked like Gauls to me, but they are French. They are French," he says. "It's not wrong to insist that national borders matter...those are legitimate things...We can enforce the law while recognizing the essential humanity of people."

On Democracy

Obama targeted both the U.S. and African governments without mentioning any names when he spoke about democracy. He touched on the importance of highlighting grassroots movements, minority rights, and freedom of the press.

"Madiba taught us that democracy is more than just elections. He could have been president for life. Who would've run against him? Ramaphosa is popular but come on. Plus he was too young," he says. "You need minority rights, checks and balances, freedom of speech and an independent judiciary. Democracy can be messy, slow and frustrating, but the efficiency that's offered by an autocrat is a false promise."

He continues:

"It is time for us to stop paying all of our attention to the world's capitals...and focus on the world's grassroots. That is where democracy comes from."

On Facts

Obama acknowledges that politicians have "always lied," but that politicians today double down on their lies in ways that counter any concept of democracy.

"We have to believe in an objective reality. You have to believe in facts. Without facts there is no basis for cooperation. If I say this is a podium, and you say it's an elephant, it's gonna be hard for us to cooperate," he says. "I can't find common ground if someone just says climate change isn't happening."

His Message to Young People

Obama ended his speech on a hopeful note, urging the youth to "get aroused" and to "remake the world."

"Just as people spoke about the triumph of democracy in the 90s, now people are talking about the end of democracy. We have to resist that cynicism. Because, we've been through darker times, we've been in lower valleys," he says. "We don't need one leader. We don't need one inspiration. What we badly need is a collective spirit."

And lastly, though unrelated to his Mandela Day speech, check out this video below of Obama dancing at the opening of his half-sister, Auma Obama's foundation Sauti Kuu.

Photo by Don Paulsen/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Hugh Masekela's New York City Legacy

A look back at the South African legend's time in New York City and his enduring presence in the Big Apple.

In Questlove's magnificent documentary, Summer of Soul, he captures a forgotten part of Black American music history. But in telling the tale of the 1969 Harlem Cultural Festival, the longtime musician and first-time filmmaker also captures a part of lost South African music history too.

Among the line-up of blossoming all-stars who played the Harlem festival, from a 19-year-old Stevie Wonder to a transcendent Mavis Staples, was a young Hugh Masekela. 30 years old at the time, he was riding the wave of success that came from releasing Grazing in the Grass the year before. To watch Masekela in that moment on that stage is to see him at the height of his time in New York City — a firecracker musician who entertained his audiences as much as he educated them about the political situation in his home country of South Africa.

The legacy Masekela sowed in New York City during the 1960s remains in the walls of the venues where he played, and in the dust of those that are no longer standing. It's in the records he made in studios and jazz clubs, and on the Manhattan streets where he once posed with a giant stuffed zebra for an album cover. It's a legacy that still lives on in tangible form, too, in the Hugh Masekela Heritage Scholarship at the Manhattan School of Music.

The school is the place where Masekela received his education and met some of the people that would go on to be life-long bandmates and friends, from Larry Willis (who, as the story goes, Masekela convinced to give up opera for piano) to Morris Goldberg, Herbie Hancock and Stewart Levine, "his brother and musical compadre," as Mabusha Masekela, Bra Hugh's nephew says.

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