Mohamed El Hatmi. Photo by Stn Lens.

The Master Musicians of Joujouka

"In 1970, I found my way up into the Rif Mountains of Morocco where I encountered a tribe of musicians. I was so blown away by what I found there that I tore up my return ticket and stayed for a couple of years."

Music industry executive and longtime Fela Kuti manager, Rikki Stein, recollects his nearly five-decade-old history with the Master Musicians of Joujouka—from his first encounter with them in the 1970s, to them opening Glastonbury Festival in 2011, up until their recent performance at this year's Dior Defilé in Marrakech.

I've been very lucky. Over the past 50 years I've enjoyed the privilege of being around and working with some of the world's most gifted musicians, mostly as friends. I often hear it said that you should never work with friends. Rubbish! I only want to work with friends! Why? Because you can say more or less anything to your friends. It was on that basis that my friendship with Fela developed in the early eighties into a 15 year working relationship.

But much earlier, in 1970, I found my way up into the Rif Mountains of Morocco where I encountered a tribe of musicians. I was so blown away by what I found there that I tore up my return ticket and stayed for a couple of years. I'm talking about the Master Musicians of Joujouka.

Mohamed Mokhchan, Rhiata Master. Photo By Stn Lens.

I left school when I was 15 and consider my time in Joujouka as my 'formal education.' My university. Since the fifties, world travelers, deep thinkers and cultural icons have been finding their way to up to this idyllic mountain village: Brion Gysin, Paul Bowles, William Burroughs, Randy Weston, Brian Jones, followed by the rest of the Rolling Stones, Ornette Coleman and Timothy Leary, who wrote a piece about what he found there, entitled "The Four Thousand Year Rock 'n Roll Band."

The Master Musicians of Joujouka play the rhaita, a strident double-reed instrument, and drums, as well as flutes and a variety of hand drums and other instruments. But the meat and potatoes of Joujouka's music are the rhaita and drums, which create an extraordinary wall of sound, enhanced by their circular breathing and musical mastery. For centuries their music has nourished the population of the surrounding mountains and valleys, receiving a tenth of the crop in return for their musical services.

In 1980, I carried 35 of the Master Musicians around Europe for three months. A decade ago, I met Frank Rynne, a young Irish guy who was doing exactly the same job with the same musicians (or their offspring) that I was doing almost 50 years ago. In 2011 we joined forces and brought them to Glastonbury Festival where they opened the festival on the main stage and subsequently took them to the Villa Medici in Rome, the Centre Pompidou in Paris and, last year, sent them to the Festival de Frue in Japan. Many of them are elderly now but they still blow up a storm!

Drummers Mohamed Majdobi and Abdelslam Bata before the Marrakech show. Photo By Stn Lens.

Two weeks ago, on Monday, April 29, The Master Musicians of Joujouka were invited to animate the Dior Defilé in Marrakech, a lavish affair in the grounds of the ancient El Badi palace where 100 of the world's top models displayed Dior's new collection. The musicians shared this task with The Orb, a renowned electronic music group. Musical Director for the show, Michel Gaubert, conceived and directed this visionary collaboration between these artists for Dior and Bureau Betak, working closely with both groups. Here's the official Dior broadcast of the event.

Browse through photos taken by Stn Lens (my daughter, Chantal) documenting the Master Musicians during their time in Marrakech.

Abdelah Ziyat, Rhiata Player. Photo By Stn Lens

Abdeslam Bata , Ahmed El Attar, Mohamed El Attar and Mohamed Majdobi. Photo By Stn Lens

Abdeslam Bata, Rhiata Player. Photo By Stn Lens

Abdeslam Rtoubi, Lead rhiata player

Ahmed El Attar before the show. Photo By Stn Lens

Alex Paterson founder and leader of The Orb and Mohamed El Hatmi. Photo By Stn Lens

Arriving at El Badi Palace. Shot by Stn Lens

Dior Cruise 2020. Photo By Stn Lens

Drummers Ahmed Talha and El Khalil Radi backstage. Photo By Stn Lens

El Ayachi Guennouni, Drummer. Photo By Stn Lens

El Ayachi Guennouni, Moustapha Selmouni, Ahmed Talha, El Khalil Radi, Mohamed El Hatmi. Photo By Stn Lens

El Khalil Radi, Drummer. Photo By Stn Lens

El Touhami Talha, plays Lead rhiata and Ahmed Talha. Photo by Stn Lens

Model Faretta walking for the Dior Cruise 2020 show. Photo By Stn Lens

Mohamed El Attar and Abellah Ziyat. Photo By Stn Lens

Mohamed El Attar Rhiata player. Photo By Stn Lens

Mohamed El Attar. Photo By Stn LensMohamed El Hatmi (Boujeloud). Photo By Stn Lens

Mohamed El Hatmi (Boujeloud). Photo By Stn Lens

Portrait of Mohamed Mokhchan the 87 year old rhiata Master. Photo By Stn Lens

Shailene Woodley and Lupita Nyongo Dior Cruise 2020. Photo By Stn Lens

Soundcheck, El Badi Palace. Photo By Stn Lens

The Maste Musicians Of Joujouka heading to soundcheck. Photo By Stn Lens

The Master Musicians Of Joujouka collaborating with The Orb for Dior Cruise 2020. Photo By Stn Lens

Dior 2020 Cruise Musical Director, Michel Gaubert, meets Master Musicians Of Joujouka group leader Ahmed El Attar. Photo by Stn Lens

The Master Musicians of Joujouka soundcheck at El Badi palace. Photo by Stn Lens

The Master Musicians of Joujouka soundcheck. Photo by Stn Lens

The Master Musicians Of Joujouka. Photo By Stn Lens

(Photo by FADEL SENNA/AFP/Getty Images)

Moroccan Journalist Jailed for Alleged Abortion Receives Pardon

Independent journalist Hajar Raissouni, who received a prison sentence for an alleged abortion that she claimed was a political setup to censor her writing, has been pardoned by the King of Morocco.

UPDATE (October 16, 2019): King Mohammed VI of Morocco has pardoned Hajar Raissouni today, as Al Jazeera reports. The news was given via the justice ministry who said that the King's involvement was "an act of compassion and mercy." In addition to Rasissouni, her fiance, her doctor and two medical professionals were also pardoned.

In the court proceedings, Raissouni and her fiance, Rifaat al-Amin, said they had already been wed in ceremony, but not legally. The reporting states that the fact that Raissouni and her soon-to-be husband had wanted to begin their family as a married couple—which is to say legally—had an impact on the decision.

Continue for original story:

Following protests outside her trial, a Moroccan court in Rabat has sentenced journalist Hajar Raissouni, 28, to one year in prison for having an abortion and sex outside of marriage. Raissouni, however, claims she had no such abortion and that this sentence is retaliation for articles she has written criticizing the government of the North African country. The events have left many dismayed and feeling that this is part of a political strategy to minimize women's rights and stifle free speech.

Keep reading... Show less

Is Dior's New Collection an Example of How Luxury Brands Should Incorporate 'African-Inspired' Designs?

Some are crediting Dior for "doing their homework" while others aren't quite as convinced.

Last Sunday, luxury French brand Dior unveiled its latest collection Cruise 2020, which fully incorporates West African wax print. They unveiled the collection during their first ever "destination show" on the continent—as the New York Times describes it—which saw the brand flying out several celebrities, including Lupita Nyong'o for a fully-branded fashion experience in Marrakesh, Morocco.

Naturally, questions around the creation of the collection and the appropriation of African styles began to arise.

Was this yet another case of a major fashion house ripping off African designs without involving actual Africans? Will these "creations" be sold for exorbitant prices without benefiting its originators? We've seen this happen with countless fashion labels in the past, including Stella McCartney, which faced immense backlash back in 2017 for ripping off styles that our "aunties had been wearing for years," as well as brands like Marc Jacobs, Valentino and Louis Vuitton—just to name a few.

Keep reading... Show less
Image courtesy of Riveriswild

#BuyBlack: The 8 Black-Owned Brands To Shop For On Black Friday

It's that time of year again, here is OkayAfrica's 2019 gift guide for you to #BuyBlack this Friday.

You know we're near the end of 2019 once the holiday season comes back around. Thanksgiving is upon us and the bargain shopping and gift-giving is set to commence thereafter. While this American "holiday" being questionable in of itself, Black Friday is a prime occasion to highlight, support and spend exclusively with black-owned businesses.

Just like we mentioned last year, let's keep the 'for us, by us' energy going. Even beyond the hustle and bustle of Black Friday, tap into the businesses that continue to contribute to wealth-building, development and employment in Black communities around the world.

Here is OkayAfrica's curated shortlist of black-owned brands to take note of this Black Friday, including some standout home decor, fashion, skincare and beauty brands you should know.

Take a look below.

Keep reading... Show less
'Queen & Slim' soundtrack cover.

Burna Boy Samples Fela's 'Shakara' on New Track, 'My Money, My Baby' From 'Queen & Slim' Soundtrack

The film's official soundtrack also features tracks from Lauryn Hill, Blood Orange, Megan Thee Stallion and more.

The official soundtrack for Queen & Slim has arrived, and it features a standout solo track from none other than Burna Boy.

"My Money, My Baby" is a heavily Afrobeat-tinged track that features a prominent sample of Fela Kuti's 1972 song "Shakara." The pulsating track also sees the singer, channeling Fela's signature talk-style of singing and repetition. Check it out below.

Keep reading... Show less

get okayafrica in your inbox