How Is Mauritania the World’s Last 'Official' Bastion of Slavery?

It’s estimated that up to 20 percent of Mauritania’s 3.5 million population is living in slavery, despite its abolishment in 1981.

Mauritania is considered the world’s last bastion of slavery, although there are clandestine operations around the world.

It’s believed that up to 20 percent of the West African country’s 3.5 million population—mostly comprised of the Haratin ethnic group—are enslaved by the Beydaneshe, the minority ethnic group that can trace its bloodline back to light-skinned Arab Berbers. And it’s been this way for centuries. In fact, the Mauritania was the last nation in the world to “officially” abolish slavery in 1981.

In the 1980s and ‘90s, Haratins were subjected to ethnic cleansing, deportation and land dispossession. And to this day, these black Muslims continue to be forced into generational bondage, which as you can imagine, translates into virtually zero human rights in the realms of educational opportunities and land ownership.

However, the Mauritanian government largely denies the country has a problem.

International pressure has only gone so far as pushing the government to pass a law in 2007, allowing slaveholders to be tried in court. Despite this ruling, the government has been accused of direct involvement in intimidating slaves who escape from their masters.

While there are abolitionists making noise on the ground, the Initiative for the Resurgence of the Abolitionist Movement has claimed its request to register as a NGO has been repeatedly blocked by the Mauritanian government.

Furthermore as Quartz Africa reports, last week 13 members of the IRA were found guilty of "rebellion and use of violence," including waging an attack against the government, armed assembly and membership of an unrecognized organization for protesting the eviction of former slave residents of a slum in Nouakchott between June and July, leading up to an Arab League summit. The activists are facing a maximum sentence of 15 years in a Mauritanian prison. And on Monday, according to the antislavery activists' lawyer, the detainees have alleged they've been tortured and are demanding that charges be brought against their oppressors.

It’s a significant setback for anti-slavery activists who applauded the Mauritanian Supreme Court’s decision in May that reversed the two-year prison sentence of IRA founder, Biram Dah Abeid, a devout Muslim and a descendant of slaves, who had already served 18 months for discussing land-rights with Haratin and Afro-Mauritanian farmers as part of a caravan tour. He and his assistant Brahim Bilal, who has also been released, were imprisoned for protesting without government authorization. Go figure.

This development happened the same week as the country’s second-ever prosecution of two slave owners who were each sentenced to five years in prison and ordered to pay restitution to their victims.

Image: Nabsolute Media

Reekado Banks Recalls The Carnage of The #EndSARS Protests In Single 'Ozumba Mbadiwe'

The Nigerian singer pays his respects to those lost during last year's #EndSARS protests.

Nigerian singer and songwriter Reekado Banks is back with a track that is as socially important as it is a banger. It seems fitting for the singer's first solo release of the year to be a tribute to his fellow countrypeople fighting for a country that they all wish to live in. The 27-year-old Afrobeats crooner has returned with endearing track 'Ozumba Mbadiwe', honoring the one-year anniversary of the #EndSARS protests that saw the Nigerian government authorize an onslaught of attacks on Nigerian citizens for their anti-government demonstrations.

The protests took the world by storm, additionally because the Nigerian government insists that none of the police brutality happened. In an attempt to gaslight the globe, Nigerian officials have come out to hoards to deny any and all accusations of unlawfully killing peaceful protesters. Banks mentions the absurd denials in the track, singing "October 20, 2020 something happened with the government, they think say we forget," in the second verse. Reekado's reflective lyrics blend smoothly and are supported by the upbeat, effortless Afrobeat rhythm.

In another reflective shoutout to his home, 'Ozumba Mbadiwe' is named after a popular expressway on Lagos Island that leads to the infamous Lekki Toll Gate where protesters were shot at, traumatized, and murdered. Although packed with conscious references, the P.Priime produced track is a perfect amalgamation of the talents that Reekado Banks has to offer; a wispy opening verse, a hook to kill, and an ethereal aura to mark this as a song as a hit. On "Ozumba Mbadiwe," all the elements align for Reekado's signature unsinkable sound to take flight.

Check out Reekado Bank's lyric video for his single 'Ozumba Mbadiwe'

Reekado Banks - Ozumba Mbadiwe (Lyric Video)

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