Photo by RODGER BOSCH / AFP via Getty Images.

One part of a group of about 630 people, refugees originally from Democratic Republic of Congo, Rwanda, Burundi, and Bangladesh, and other countries who are sleeping in a large tent in Bellville, Cape Town, on September 22, 2020.

South Africa Set to Evict Refugees in Cape Town City

South African authorities will evict at least 1600 protesting refugees and asylum seekers after giving them the option of either repatriating or re-integrating into local communities.

The South African government is set to end the stalemate between them and refugees residing in Cape Town this Saturday. At least 1600 refugees are being housed in two temporary shelters in Paint City, Bellville and the Wingfield Military Base in Kensington. According to South African Home Affairs Minister, Aaron Motsoaledi, the temporary shelters will be dismantled soon with those who are currently residing there having the option of either being repatriated or re-integrated into local communities.

READ: In Her Poem "How Many More?" Lula Saleh Explores the Hardships Faced by Refugees

Motsoaledi describes the options available to the protesters as follows:

"If they take the option of resettling in communities where they came from, the United Nations will pay for them three months' rental wherever they find accommodation. In addition, the United Nations will supply them, wherever they have settled, with food for a period of three months while they are finding their feet."

Refugees and asylum seekers of varying nationalities have been protesting in Cape Town since 2019. Their demands have primarily centred on resettlement in Canada as a result of continued xenophobic violence in South Africa and challenges in acquiring the required documentation from Home Affairs. However, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) has denied their demands citing that they contravene international guidelines. Thus, the alternatives of repatriation and re-integration have been tabled. The UNHCR has also called for the dismantling of the temporary shelters citing that "camps create a false beacon of hope," according to eNCA. At least 300 have already been voluntarily repatriated with an additional 23 deported.

Xenophobia in South Africa is a recurring challenge which has led to the loss of life, displacement and straining of political relations. Back in 2019, just a week after xenophobic attacks had erupted in Pretoria and two months after Nigerians were attacked in Hillbrow, Johannesburg, the country was embroiled in yet another spate of xenophobic violence.

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Vinegar Pap Smear Saving Women’s Lives In Malawi

This simple diagnostic test is giving hope to thousands of women in Malawi.

They say necessity is the mother of invention and in Malawi, the need for inexpensive Pap smears has resulted in a cost-effective and ingenious solution. Visual Inspection with Acetic Acid (VIA) is the only form of cervical cancer screening affordable to most underprivileged women in Malawi, according to reports.

According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) "19 of the top 20 countries with the highest cervical cancer burden were in sub-Saharan Africa in 2018." Eswatini had the highest incidences followed by Malawi.

The VIA is a simple diagnostic test that can be used to screen cervical cancer, as an alternative to Pap smear cytology, in low-resource countries," according to the Role of VIA in cervical cancer screening in low-resource countries - PubMed (nih.gov) study.

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