6 Stunning Quotes From Zadie Smith on Race, Politics and Social Change

We take a closer look at Zadie Smith's powerful statements in her NPR interview where she talks about her new novel, "Swing Time."

Zadie Smith, author of On Beauty, White Teeth and NW, has released a new novel called Swing Time.

It tells the story of two black girls: one who dreams of becoming a famous dancer, and the other who possesses the talent to make that dream come true. It is a captivating meditation on race, talent and friendship.

NPR's Fresh Air interviewed Smith on Swing Time, race, our current political climate and identity. The most dazzlingly gems from her interview are listed below—take as many as you like, they are sure to sparkle in your mind and heart.

On the thin line between politics and personal life:

“In an ideal world, you have a political life and an intimate life and they don’t have to be involved too much with each other. But when times are hard, there’s no separation. Everything you do in your life is political and has to be thought about in that way. It's the kind of moment we are in right now.”

On historical writing and racial bias:

“Racial stereotypes of groups have the ability to transform. When I’m writing, part of what I’m insisting on is that whatever we're living (through) in the moment is not fundamental: things are constantly open to change. The thing which I find dangerous about some of the thought right now is the suggestion of eternal states: that things have always been this way, they never can be any other way. Part of historical writing is to remind oneself that things were different, and therefore can be different again.”

On America’s racial consciousness:

"There is a black political consciousness here (in America) which is very engaged. Partly because education in African American history...makes a difference to children. When I was a kid, and you were being confronted with the problematic nature of the island you came from, whether it was Jamaica or Trinidad, and the child experiences this humiliation in some way, (and wonder) why this island I come from have these long term economic and social issues?—it would be helpful, then, to know as a child that these problems were not born in a vacuum.

Britain's colonial and slave relation with Jamaica was almost extraordinarily brutal. I think that would have been an interesting thing to know; just as when you meet a very disturbed child, it might be useful to know what kind of family he was raised in. It’s a context which allows you to understand the world you're in and also to understand yourself a bit more clearly.”

On her racial identity:

“People of my shade all over the world have these experiences. You might go to Morocco and people believe you’re Moroccan, you might go to Egypt and be confused for an Egyptian. You might find yourself in Bangladesh and people are talking Bengali to you. It’s an interesting mind state, one I’ve always found very enjoyable.

I guess the movability of the identity is interesting, where I suppose a white person is white wherever they go. Whereas I find the interesting interpretive quality my shade creates in others curious...sometimes funny, sometimes upsetting, sometimes alarming. But it's an interesting philosophical lesson in identity - what exactly it is, and how much of it is ruled by others’ perception of you. So how much of it is yours? These aren't questions I have an answer to, but I’ve always been curious about them.”

On her headwrap:

“Sometimes it's a bad hair day, quite often it has to do with my impatience of getting dressed. The headwrap began as a way of saving time, of not being bothered to do my hair. But also, its a form of symbol or allegiance with that exactly that kind of African ancestry.

After all, many many more women in the world wear something on their heads than don't, and I like to be part of that sisterhood."

On speaking to people with polarizing views:

“I do have a particular attraction to hideousness in people. Not that I want to have them around for dinner, but it's interesting to me—I want to know how they came to that view. Also, people’s views are not quite what they seem to be either, I find. You can almost always find a human place of connection to speak to somebody, in my experience. I like to extend those conversations, and I don’t feel the need to correct the person...what am I trying to correct for my own personal rectitude? I’d rather just listen to their views. I like to know.”
News Brief
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Eswatini Is Trying To Dethrone Africa's Last Standing King

Africa's last absolute monarchy is being challenged by pro-democracy protests and an army of youths ready to fight back.

Pro-democracy protests in Southern African country Eswatini (previously Swaziland) have intensified as police and army forces meet unarmed protesters with tear gas and water cannons. National anger and dissatisfaction with King Mswati III are not revolutionary and have been building up for years. Advocates say that the 53-year-old ruler has consistently ignored cries for reform and a move towards a democratic political system. Protests have been going on since June, however, the violence has increased in recent weeks.

For years, King Mswati has boasted a lavish life filled with private planes, expensive vacations, and designer clothing. He has ruled over Eswatini since 1986. King Mswati has denied the accusations of autocratic rule and of using public money to fund his lifestyle for years. In July, he called protests against his ruling "satanic" and bemoaned that the protests have taken the country backward.

This year's protests were sparked by Eswatini students, who wanted better learning conditions, free education, as well as a demand for political reform. The army was sent to "intimidate, but that has not deterred the students," Lucky Lukhele, spokesman for the pro-democracy Swaziland Solidarity Network, told the AFP news agency. On Saturday, the government shut down its schools "indefinitely with immediate effect" as the country faces a wave of protests. At least 28 people have been killed with countless arrests having been made throughout the weeks.

The King owns shares in all of the country's telecoms Eswatini shut the internet down for 2 hours over the weekend, and MTN Eswatini and other mobile network operators revealed that they have been told to suspend access to Facebook and its messenger app until further notice. "The business has implemented the directive and access to Facebook and Facebook Messenger has been suspended. ... We will continue engaging with the relevant stakeholders to minimize the impact and duration of the service disruption," MTN Eswatini said in a statement. They did not say why it had been told to suspend access to Facebook.

South African President Cyril Ramaphosa, who currently chairs the security organ of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), has ordered high-level representatives to fly to Eswatini to meet with the King to discuss "security and political developments".

Young Swazis have taken to Twitter to share their views on the matter:

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