Dig Deep Inside Durban's Underground Beat Movement

The newest volume of the Subterranean Wavelength electronic beat scene compilation series digs deep inside the Durban underground.

When it comes to the Durban electronic music scene, feverish gqom beats are often the first thought on everybody’s minds, and for good reason too. In recent years the Durban-born genre has reached international heights, but it’s certainly not the only style of music when it comes to South Africa’s Heat City.

Take a look at Durban’s burgeoning underground electronic music scene for example – home to some of the scene’s best-kept secrets, with DJs and producers emerging from bedroom setups and breaking into the small, but dedicated club scene.

Curated by sub wav, compiled and arranged by Micr.Pluto, the new volume of the Subterranean Wavelength series digs deep inside the Durban underground. The compilation, premiering today on Okayafrica, features seven original tracks by five of the city’s best electronic producers and acts.

Johannesburg-based producer Micr.Pluto began researching for the compilation last August. At the time, he says, Durban’s music and party scene was saturated with rock, house, trap and gqom. “There was a really small reception for electronica and the experimental beats movement,” he mentions. And so he set out to uncover the most promising new artists in electronica around Durban.

“Although Durban's electronica scene is still very small the quality of the few artists who are producing this kind of music is incredible,” writes Micr.Pluto.

Opening the compilation is “Nightlife” by new electronic outfit SNAPBVCK. The track comprises sung vocals occasionally delivered through a bass-heavy filter backed by frenetic keys and melodic midi horns. The duo makes a second appearance later on in the compilation with “Flux,” a weightier track anchored in hard electro rhythms and choice vocal samples.

Then there are the opulent sounds that open Missu’s “All My Friends,” later drenched in synth and underpinned by shrewd break-beats, while Bad Muti’s “Nitrous” is balmy, grimy and unyielding in its delivery.

Halfway through the compilation you’ll hear the first of Palmdrive’s offerings, “Anunnaki.” A newcomer to the electronic music scene, Palmdrive delivers well with these tracks. Both “Anunnaki” and “Funny Face” are perceptively layered tracks with a bit of a lo-fi swagger about them, most likely carried over from the producer’s earlier days with punkgaze outfit Meth Breath.

Durban electro stalwarts Veranda Panda feature on the compilation too, Jane Baillie’s violin weaving in and out of Liam Magner’s slick percussive arrangements and sprightly trills.

As an introduction to Durban’s underground electronic music scene, the compilation is successful. It’s also necessary. Durban’s music scene is peculiar. Despite featuring a plethora of artists and genres, it’s decidedly insular. While Cape Town has it’s “cool” and Jozi has its “flash,” Durban moves at its own pace, sometimes to its detriment.

With a background in live gigging and now branching off into producing electronic music, Palmdrive, whose real name is Josh Scheepers, has a good understanding of Durban’s un-showy soundscape.

“It’s very DIY here, in terms of everything, including venues a lot of the time,” he writes via email. “People moving to JHB or CPT (or elsewhere) once they’ve hit the ceiling of what they can achieve here also helps slow things down from time to time, but I guess that helps Durban keep a very original flavour.”

The problem though, is that while Durban’s scene replenishes itself at its laid-back rate, it never seems to reach the heights of other local electronic music scenes. Scheepers attributes this to a larger emphasis on DJing as opposed to a growing collection of Durban producers.

“The underground electronic music scene is very close to non-existent” he explains. “But there are a few people coming up now, and I’m sure there are new people clicking away in their bedrooms as I type. We got hella DJs though, electronic music isn’t some kinda secret around here or anything, I’m just hoping more people start making their own.”

It’s clear then, just how vital a compilation the newest Subterranean Wavelength is. Carefully curated and with that same passion Micr.Pluto poured into his Joburg, Pretoria and Gauteng compilations, the fourth volume in the series serves well as a guided tour through Durban’s electronic underbelly while simultaneously shining an appreciative light on it.

“Our vision has always been to put out the music we really love and felt like a lot of it essentially ends up as ‘dead data’ on peoples’ laptops,” concludes Micr.Pluto. “The compilations gave a lot of insight into what people want to listen to and that there's a lot of love for the type of music we’ve put out.” He hopes, and thinks, that SW4 will offer a refreshing perspective on the Durban sound and introduce fellow beat-heads to a new wave of music.

Listen to Okayafrica's premiere of Subterranean Wavelength Vol 4 above. A free download of the compilation will be available next week via Bandcamp. Check the Subterranean Wavelength SoundCloud and Facebook pages for the link.


Dave Mann is a Johannesburg-based arts journalist who writes on local music, theatre and visual art. Follow him on Twitter @david_mann92.


Introducing OkayAfrica's 100 Women 2020 List

Celebrating African Women Laying the Groundwork for the Future

It would not be hyperbole to consider the individuals we're honoring for OkayAfrica's 100 Women 2020 list as architects of the future.

This is to say that these women are building infrastructure, both literally and metaphorically, for future generations in Africa and in the Diaspora. And they are doing so intentionally, reaching back, laterally, and forward to bridge gaps and make sure the steps they built—and not without hard work, mines of microaggressions, and challenges—are sturdy enough for the next ascent.

In short, the women on this year's list are laying the groundwork for other women to follow. It's what late author and American novelist Toni Morrison would call your "real job."

"I tell my students, 'When you get these jobs that you have been so brilliantly trained for, just remember that your real job is that if you are free, you need to free somebody else. If you have some power, then your job is to empower somebody else."

And that's what inspired us in the curation of this year's list. Our honorees use various mediums to get the job done—DJ's, fashion designers, historians, anthropologists, and even venture capitalists—but each with the mission to clear the road ahead for generations to come. Incredible African women like Eden Ghebreselassie, a marketing lead at ESPN who created a non-profit to fight energy poverty in Eritrea; or Baratang Miya, who is quite literally building technology clubs for disadvantaged youth in South Africa.

There are the builds that aren't physically tangible—movements that inspire women to show up confidently in their skin, like Enam Asiama's quest to normalize plus-sized bodies and Frédérique (Freddie) Harrel's push for Black and African women to embrace the kink and curl of their hair.

And then there are those who use their words to build power, to take control of the narrative, and to usher in true inclusion and equity. Journalists, (sisters Nikki and Lola Ogunnaike), a novelist (Oyinkan Braithwaite), a media maven (Yolisa Phahle), and a number of historians (Nana Oforiatta Ayim, Leïla Sy) to name a few.

In a time of uncertainty in the world, there's assuredness in the mission to bring up our people. We know this moment of global challenge won't last. It is why we are moving forward to share this labor of love with you, our trusted and loyal audience. We hope that this list serves as a beacon for you during this moment—insurance that future generations will be alright. And we have our honorees to thank for securing that future.


The annual OkayAfrica 100 Women List is our effort to acknowledge and uplift African women, not only as a resource that has and will continue to enrich the world we live in, but as a group that deserves to be recognized, reinforced and treasured on a global scale. In the spirit of building infrastructure, this year's list will go beyond the month of March (Women's History Month in America) and close in September during Women's Month in South Africa.

100 women 2020

Burna Boy 'African Giant' money cover art by Sajjad.

The 20 Essential Burna Boy Songs

We comb through the Nigerian star's hit-filled discography to select 20 essential songs from the African Giant.

Since bursting onto the scene in 2012 with his chart-topping single, "Like to Party," and the subsequent release of his debut album, L.I.F.E - Leaving an Impact for eternity, Burna Boy has continued to prove time and again that he is a force to be reckoned with.

The African Giant has, over the years, built a remarkable musical identity around the ardent blend of dancehall, hip-hop, reggae, R&B, and afropop to create a game-changing genre he calls afro-fusion. The result has been top tier singles, phenomenal collaborations, and global stardom—with several accolades under his belt which include a Grammy nomination and African Giant earning a spot on many publications' best albums of 2019.

We thought to delve into his hit-filled discography to bring you The 20 Essential Burna Boy Songs.

This list is in no particular order.

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(Photo by Jack Vartoogian/Getty Images)

Blitz the Ambassador Named 2020 Guggenheim Fellow

The Ghanaian artist and filmmaker is among 175 "individuals who have demonstrated exceptional capacity for productive scholarship or exceptional creative ability in the arts."

Ghanaian filmmaker Blitz Bazawule, also known as Blitz the Ambassador has been named a 2020 Guggenheim fellow.

The musician, artist and director behind he critically acclaimed film The Burial of Kojo, announced the news via social media on Thursday, writing: "Super excited to announce I've been awarded the Guggenheim 2020 Fellowship. Truly grateful and inspired."

He is among 175 scholars, "appointed on the basis of prior achievement and exceptional promise, the successful candidates were chosen from a group of almost 3,000 applicants in the Foundation's ninety-sixth competition," says the Guggenheim.

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Photo by Sabelo Mkhabela.

6 South African Podcasts to Listen to During the Lockdown

Here are six South African podcasts worth listening to.

South Africa has been on lockdown for almost two weeks as a measure to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus, and it looks like the period might just get extended. If you are one of those whose work can't be done from home, then you must have a lot of time in your hands. Below, we recommend six South African podcasts you can occupy yourself with and get empowered, entertained and informed.

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