Black Alumni of South Africa, It’s Time We Stand for Change at Our Former Schools

Black alumni have a particular form of power to support the young black girls protesting racism at South Africa's model C and private schools.

On Sunday night, I was casually scrolling through my Twitter feed when I saw the picture that has since reverberated across the country. The picture was of 13-year-old Zulaikha Patel with her arms in a defiant cross in the air, framed by her massive, beautiful afro.

From the moment I saw that picture, and the protests at Pretoria Girls High, I knew it was not just about the black students’ right to wear their hair the way it naturally grows out of their heads. It was about the institutional racism that permeates model C schools and suffocates the black children caught in those spaces every day. It was a battle I knew all too well. One that I fought for over a decade.

I spent the first five years of my schooling at a model C school in Sandton, Johannesburg, and continued up to matric at an elite private girls’ school in Parktown. Over the years I was subjected to rules that forbade wearing my natural hair; I watched my fellow black classmates get detention for speaking to one another in their home languages; and I felt my Blackness undermined. Constantly. These schools instilled in me a deep sense of insecurity.

My Blackness was degraded on a daily basis through insidious throw-away phrases like “this is not Soweto” when us black girls made too much noise, or through my white classmates putting on a “blaccent” whenever they were pretending to be poor or ignorant for a humorous effect. It was degraded in bigger ways too, such as a teacher defending colonialism and saying those who were against it were “absurd.” Or a group of black pupils, using the library the same way white students did, being kicked out for making it look “untidy.”

So, when Patel’s picture came out, I felt two things. The first was a deep sense of understanding of the situation she finds herself in. The second was a deep sense of shame. Over the past few days, many have already commented that we should not be romanticising the protest action. Instead, we should be outraged that little girls are having to fight a battle that should have been fought 22 years ago––and if not 22 years ago, then it should have been fought by us.

The young girls of Pretoria High only have so much power as students. Already, the girls involved in the protests have been accused of being disruptive, undisciplined, caring more about fashion than schooling, among other accusations from the very vocal naysayers of the protest action. What the backlash from their peers and critics around the country could be doing to their self-esteem is something we have yet to discover.

As black alumni, we have a particular form of power to support the girls protesting racism at South Africa's model C and private schools, especially considering our schools are always asking us for donations. We have the institutional knowledge that current pupils may not have. As adults, we're in a far better position to deal with the backlash of a protest campaign than a group of 13 to 14-year-old girls still dealing with the emotional turmoil of puberty.

We should be asking ourselves how we have failed our younger sisters. We should be asking ourselves if we could do more. We should be going back and demanding that our Blackness is not just treated as an aesthetic to whip out for the annual cultural evening, but as a lived reality that demands the same respect both in the school’s culture and in the curriculum.

These conversations are already starting to be had by black alumni, and I hope the protests will encourage more of us to take a good hard look at our high schools. If we wish to see an end to institutional racism in our country and move forward from the injustices of the past then we as black alumni must begin by going back to our schools.

Naledi Refilwe Mashishi is a third year journalism and politics student at Rhodes University. She is originally from Johannesburg and now writes primarily for her blog, The Plastic Black Girl.

Photo by KOLA SULAIMON/AFP via Getty Image

#EndSARS: 1 Year Later And It's Business As Usual For The Nigerian Government

Thousands filled the streets of Nigeria to remember those slain in The #LekkiTollGateMassacre...while the government insists it didn't happen.

This week marks 1 year since Nigerians began protests against police brutality and demanded an end to the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS). The #EndSARS protests took the world by storm as we witnessed Nigerian forces abuse, harass and murder those fighting for a free nation. Reports of illegal detention, profiling, extortion, and extrajudicial killings followed the special task force's existence, forcing the government to demolish the unit on October 11th, 2020. However, protestors remained angered and desperate to be heard. It wasn't until October 20th, when soldiers opened fire on demonstrators at Lekki tollgate in the country's capital, Lagos, that the protests came to a fatal end. More than 56 deaths from across the country were reported, while hundreds more were traumatized as the Nigerian government continued to rule by force. The incident sparked global outrage as the Nigerian army refused to acknowledge or admit to firing shots at unarmed protesters in the dead of night.

It's a year later, and nothing has changed.

Young Nigerians claim to still face unnecessary and violent interactions with the police and none of the demands towards systemic changes have been met. Fisayo Soyombo the founder of the Foundation for Investigative Journalism, told Al Jazeera, "Yes, there has not been any reform. Police brutality exists till today," while maintaining that his organization has reported "scores" of cases of police brutality over this past year.

During October 2020's protests, Nigerian authorities turned a blind eye and insisted that the youth-led movement was anti-government and intended to overthrow the administration of current President Muhammadu Buhari. During a press conference on Wednesday, in an attempt to discredit the protests, Minister of Information and Culture Lai Mohammed hailed the Nigerian army and police forces for the role they played in the #EndSARS protests, going as far as to say that the Lekki Toll Massacre was a "phantom massacre with no bodies." These brazen claims came while protesters continued to gather in several major cities across the country. The minister even went on to shame CNN, Nigerian favorite DJ Switch as well as Amnesty International, for reporting deaths at Lekki. Mohammed pushed even further by saying, "The six soldiers and 37 policemen who died during the EndSARS protests are human beings with families, even though the human rights organizations and CNN simply ignored their deaths, choosing instead to trumpet a phantom massacre."

With the reports of abuse still coming out of the West African nation, an end to the struggle is not in sight. During Wednesday's protest, a journalist for the Daily Post was detained by Nigerian forces while covering the demonstrations.

According to the BBC, additional police units have been set up in the place of SARS, though some resurfacing SARS officers and allies claim to still be around.

Young Nigerians relied heavily on social media during the protests and returned this year to voice their opinions around the first anniversary of an experience that few will be lucky enough to forget.

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