Arts + Culture

Steve Biko Remembered in South African Art

Steve Biko art from 5 South Africans to remember the legacy of the Black Consciousness Movement leader.

" time we shall be in a position to bestow upon South Africa the greatest gift possible – a more human face.”

On September 12th, 1977 (36 years ago today) anti-apartheid agitator, writer and co-founder of the Black Consciousness Movement Stephen Bantu Biko died while in police custody. Today's outpouring of tributes across the world is further proof that Biko's legacy is very much alive. We looked at five instances of how the Black Consciousness Movement leader has been remembered by South African artists.


Mural of Nelson Mandela, Steve Biko, Cisse Gool, Imam Haron (2010)

Artist: Faith47

Location: District Six, Cape Town


Tribute to Steve Biko (1992)

Artist: Willie Bester


Biko's Quest, dance production

Director: Mandla Mbothwe


The Biko Statue

Artist: Naomi Jacobson

Location: City Hall, Oxford Street, East London


It left him cold - the death of Steve Biko (1990)

Artist: Sam Nhlengethwa


Photo by Don Paulsen/Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images

Hugh Masekela's New York City Legacy

A look back at the South African legend's time in New York City and his enduring presence in the Big Apple.

In Questlove's magnificent documentary, Summer of Soul, he captures a forgotten part of Black American music history. But in telling the tale of the 1969 Harlem Cultural Festival, the longtime musician and first-time filmmaker also captures a part of lost South African music history too.

Among the line-up of blossoming all-stars who played the Harlem festival, from a 19-year-old Stevie Wonder to a transcendent Mavis Staples, was a young Hugh Masekela. 30 years old at the time, he was riding the wave of success that came from releasing Grazing in the Grass the year before. To watch Masekela in that moment on that stage is to see him at the height of his time in New York City — a firecracker musician who entertained his audiences as much as he educated them about the political situation in his home country of South Africa.

The legacy Masekela sowed in New York City during the 1960s remains in the walls of the venues where he played, and in the dust of those that are no longer standing. It's in the records he made in studios and jazz clubs, and on the Manhattan streets where he once posed with a giant stuffed zebra for an album cover. It's a legacy that still lives on in tangible form, too, in the Hugh Masekela Heritage Scholarship at the Manhattan School of Music.

The school is the place where Masekela received his education and met some of the people that would go on to be life-long bandmates and friends, from Larry Willis (who, as the story goes, Masekela convinced to give up opera for piano) to Morris Goldberg, Herbie Hancock and Stewart Levine, "his brother and musical compadre," as Mabusha Masekela, Bra Hugh's nephew says.

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