Sudan Uprising

Sudan's Military Has Called For Elections to Happen Within Nine Months

Amid numerous protests in Sudan, the military has scrapped the three-year transition deal and called for elections to be held within the next nine months.

Tensions are high in Sudan after security forces used live ammunition to disperse protesters yesterday. At least 13 protesters were reportedly killed and over 116 wounded in the capital city of Khartoum. This was the worst violence experienced by the country since President Omar al-Bashir was ousted in April.


After removing al-Bashir from power, Sudan's Transitional Military Council (TMC) proposed a power-transfer deal where power would transition to civilians after a period of three years so long as "chaos could be avoided" according to Reuters. However, because of the alleged proximity of the TMC's leaders to al-Bashir, Sudanese civilians rejected this deal, demanding that they be at the helm of the transition of power instead.

READ: Three Major Figures from Sudan's Transitional Military Council Have Stepped Down

Weeks-long protests which culminated into yesterday's deadly crackdown have finally forced the military's hand. They have called for elections to be held within the next nine months, setting aside the power-transfer deal completely.

According to the BBC, the head of the TMC, General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, said in a television broadcast that they would "stop negotiating with the Alliance for Freedom and Change and cancel what had been agreed on" and that the election in the next nine months would occur under "regional and international supervision".

There are fears of continued violence and the possibility of the old regime returning.

Music

6 Samples From 'Éthiopiques' in Hip-Hop

A brief history of Ethio-jazz cultural exchange featuring songs by Nas & Damian Marley, K'naan, Madlib and more.

This article was originally published on OkayAfrica in March, 2017. We're republishing it here for our Crossroads series.

It's 2000 something. I'm holed up in my bedroom searching for samples to chop up on Fruity Loops. While deep into the free-market jungle of Amazon's suggested music section, I stumble across a compilation of Ethiopian music with faded pictures of nine guys jamming in white suit jackets. I press play on the 30 second sample.

My mind races with the opportunities these breakbeats offered a budding beat maker. Catchy organs, swinging horns, funky guitar riffs, soulful melodies and grainy and pained vocalists swoon over love lost and gained. Sung in my mother tongue—Amharic—this was a far cry from the corny synthesizer music of the 1990s that my parents played on Saturday mornings. I could actually sample this shit.

The next day, I burn a CD and pop it into my dad's car. His eyes light up when the first notes ooze out of the speakers. “Where did you get this?" He asks puzzlingly. “The internet," I respond smiling.

In the 1970s my dad was one of thousands of high school students in Addis Ababa protesting the monarchy. The protests eventually created instability which lead to a coup d'état. The monarchy was overthrown and a Marxist styled military junta composed of low ranking officers called the Derg came to power. The new regime subsequently banned music they deemed to be counter revolutionary. When the Derg came into power, Amha Eshete, a pioneering record producer and founder of Ahma Records, fled to the US and the master recordings of his label's tracks somehow ended up in a warehouse in Greece.

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