News Brief
Photo by Ebrahim HAMID. Getty Images

Sudan's protest leader Ahmad Rabie and Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, chairman of Sudan's Transitional Sovereignty Council

New Sudanese Peace Deal Ends Seventeen Year Civil War

Sudan's transitional government has signed new peace agreement with rebel forces to end civil war ahead of Sudan's 2020 democratic elections.

According to Al Jazeera, Sudan's transitional government has signed a peace contract with rebel group Sudan Revolution Front ahead of Sudan's democratic elections in 2020. Sudan's transitional government and Sudan Revolution Front met on Monday to enter into an agreement that hopes to end 17 years of civil war and over thirty years of civil unrest. The peace contract comes after ten months of negotiations with the Sudan Revolution Front, a coalition of nine rebel political and armed groups from different parts of the country including the conflict-torn states of Blue Nile, Darfur and South Kordofan.

Read: Sudan Commemorates One-Year Anniversary of Khartoum Massacre

The agreement is a collective decision to end the civil war and promises sharing of power in the forthcoming elections. Sudan Revolution Front will be allocated seats in government and land rights will reportedly be afforded to those displaced from years of the Darfur conflict. The rebels fought troops sent by former President Omar al-Bashir, who was ousted by the military in April 2019 after months of popular protest and replaced with a joint military-civilian government.

Amnesty International remarks that the signing of the peace contract is a signifying marker of Sudan's transitional government following former president Omar Al Bashir's ousting a year and half ago. Amnesty International, Director for East and Southern Africa, Deprose Muchena stated that, "The peace agreement presents a ray of hope for millions of Sudanese people in Darfur, South Kordofan and Blue Nile, whose human rights have been systematically violated by the government of former President Omar Al Bashir and who have endured horrific violence at the hands of all parties to the conflict"

Al Bashir came into power in 1989 through military enforcement and allegedly played a role in Sudan's 2003 civil conflict which led to over 300 000 dead and over 2.5 million citizens displaced. In February this year, Sudan's Sovereign Council handed Al Bashir over to the International Criminal Court. The ICC has charged Al Bashir with three counts of genocide, five counts of crimes against humanity for crimes allegedly committed between 2003 to 2008.

The public ceremony took place in South Sudan's capital, Juba and was televised. Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok and the chairman of the Transitional Sovereignty Council, Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and representatives of Sudan Revolution Front are signatories of the peace contract. President of South Sudan, Salva Kiir is said to have played a large role in mediating the agreement. Two rebel factions within the Sudan Liberation Movement and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement-North refused to take a part in the peace process.

Photo by Meztli Yoalli Rodríguez

Dying Lagoons Reveal Mexico’s Environmental Racism

In the heart of a traditionally Black and Indigenous use area in Southwest Mexico, decades of environmental destruction now threatens the existence of these communities.

On an early morning in September 2017, in a little fishing village in the Pacific coast of Oaxaca, called Zapotalito, thousands of dead fish floated on the surface of the Chacahua-Pastoría lagoons. A 7.1-magnitude earthquake, which rattled Mexico City on September 19, was felt as far down as Zapotalito, and the very next morning, its Black, Indigenous and poor Mestizo residents, who depend on the area's handful of lagoons for food and commerce, woke up to an awful smell and that terrible scene of floating fish.

Keep reading... Show less

get okayafrica in your inbox


Watch Focalistic & Vigro Deep’s New Music Video For ‘Ke Star’

The 'Lockdown Level 1 anthem' has come to life through fire visuals.